The ex-President of Georgia, the leader of the “rose revolution”, the former head of Odessa state regional administration. One of the most discussed vysokopostavlennyh officials around the world.
Mikhail Saakashvili was born on 21 December 1967 in the Georgian capital Tbilisi in the family of intellectuals. Own father, Nikoloz Saakashvili, is a physician by training, left the family before his son’s birth.
Mother Giuli Alasania, a Professor – historian, married a second time, and the boy was raised by a stepfather Zurab Kometiani, head of scientific Council of Institute of physiology named Beritashvili. To raise the son’s mother helped her brother, Temur Alasania, a KGB Colonel and ex-diplomat of the United Nations. Mother Michael was an only child, but he is the brother of David on his father.
Miho studied at school No. 51, and in high school showed leadership qualities. Then became part of the Komsomol Committee of Deputy Secretary. Michael was a capable and diligent student, he graduated from school with a gold medal. Like many boys, was into sports, particularly basketball, swimming. And even music and foreign languages.
In 1984 he became a student of Kiev national University. Shevchenko, choosing for himself the faculty of international law. In 1988 he was expelled from the Komsomol and expelled from the Institute of International relations in Kiev for the spread of dissident literature (in another version – the leaked information about the Tbilisi video scandal).
Managed to recover at the University only after passing military service in frontier troops of KGB of the USSR.
He graduated from the University in 1992. Having graduated with honors in the same year he returned to Georgia and settled as a lawyer in the state Committee for the protection of human rights.
Mikheil Saakashvili made a quick career: from 1993 to 1995 she worked in Oslo, at the Norwegian Institute of human rights and the new York law firm Patterson, Belknap, Webb & Tyler., working in the legal support of oil, gas and energy projects in the CIS. There he met with the Chairman of the “Union of citizens of Georgia” Zurab Zhvania. From this period the biography of Mikhail Saakashvili changed dramatically, and he received political direction.
In 1994 he graduated from Columbia University in new York, where he received a master’s degree in law.
In 1995 he defended his doctoral thesis at the University George Washington in Washington.
Family and friends
It is known that Mikhail Saakashvili is married to a citizen of the Netherlands, Sandra Roelofs, the former employee of the red cross. Sandra has always been the right hand of his famous spouse and has helped to strengthen his image. Especially helped him in the presidential campaign: Sandra Roelofs, which is called “Dutch rose”, he asked the people to see her as his “foster daughter,” and even sang Georgian songs. Sandra Roelofs, actively involved in charity work.
In the family Saakashvili’s two sons – Edward (born in 1995) and Nikoloz (2005).
Saakashvili is very friendly with the ex-President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko. He and his Ukrainian counterpart – godfathers.
“Revolution of roses”
The political career of Mikheil Saakashvili promptly went up in 1995, when he was at the invitation of his friend Zurab Zhvania returned to Georgia and became part of Parliament from the party “Union of citizens of Georgia”. Then he headed the parliamentary Committee on legal and constitutional Affairs.
In 1998 Mikhail Saakashvili succeeded Zhvania, who became at that time the Chairman of the Georgian Parliament, and was at the helm of the CHS.
In 2000 he was appointed representative of Georgia to the PACE, but refused the Deputy mandate in connection with the appointment to the post of Minister of justice of Georgia.
September 2001 – resigned, accusing the President and members of government corruption. In the same year he was elected Deputy of the city Parliament in Tbilisi.
2002-2003 – the Chairman of legislative Assembly of Tbilisi.
In the fall of 2003, “people’s movement” and several opposition did not recognize the results of parliamentary elections, resulting in the “revolution of roses” – hundreds of opposition with roses in hand, together with the late Zurab Zhvania, and Nino Burjanadze Michael led the “rose revolution– a bloodless coup, assuming the elections are rigged, and seized the Parliament of Georgia. As a result, the Eduard Shevardnadze was removed from power. On 23 November 2003 the President of Georgia resigned from his post.
26 November 2003 Mikhail Saakashvili was nominated from blocks of National movement and Burjanadze-Democrats have a single candidate for the presidency of Georgia.
The revolution reached its climax when Saakashvili peacefully led to the Parliament elected group of people. To show that he was unarmed, Saakashvili raised his hand, which was holding a single red rose.
New presidential elections were held in Georgia in January 2004, Mikhail Saakashvili won them, gaining more than 96% of the vote.
At age 37, Saakashvili became the youngest President in Europe.
Once in power, the elected President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili called their key tasks, but chief among them was the task of restoring the country’s territorial integrity, implying the return of Abkhazia and South Ossetia under Tbilisi’s jurisdiction. But the diplomatic activity of the Georgian head of state in this direction have failed, what Saakashvili has accused Russia of supporting, in his opinion, the separatists. Then he took the direction to the West and charted a clear direction for Georgia’s accession to the European Union and NATO.
In March 2004, a United bloc of Saakashvili, Burjanadze and National movement-Democrats won the parliamentary elections with a 76,04% of the vote.
In may 2004, has achieved the ouster of the head of Adjara Autonomous Republic Aslan Abashidze.
Escalated the situation around South Ossetia.
In the winter of 2005, the Georgian government has demanded the speedy withdrawal of Russian military bases from the towns of Akhalkalaki and Batumi.
In March 2005 the Georgian Parliament adopted a resolution according to which the Russian military had to leave Georgia not later than 1 January 2006.
January 25, 2005 U.S. senators John McCain and Hillary Clinton presented Michael
Saakashvili nominated for Nobel peace prize.
5 Oct 2006 – the party Saakashvili’s United national movement received 56% votes in the early municipal elections. Russia has not recognized the elections as legitimate.
25 Jan 2006 Mikhail Saakashvili signed a decree on the withdrawal of Georgia from the Council of defense Ministers of the CIS countries due to the fact that Georgia has taken a course to join NATO and will not be able to be part of two military structures simultaneously.
March 31, 2006 in Sochi between Russia and Georgia was signed an agreement on the withdrawal of Russian bases before the end of 2008.
In the end, the last echelons of Russian troops were withdrawn from Georgia in November 2007. However, the withdrawal did not affect military bases in South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
On 2 November 2007 in the centre of Tbilisi was held a mass rally of Protestants. On the morning of November 7, Saakashvili gave the order to disperse the rally, citing a desire to restore the movement of vehicles in the city centre.
November 25, Saakashvili made a voluntary decision to resign, announcing early presidential elections. The acting President was the speaker of the Parliament Burjanadze.
5 January, 2008 early presidential election, despite the reduction in support compared to the first elections, Saakashvili won. For him voted for 53.47% of the 59 % participated in the election of the electors, the final Protocol of elections, the CEC was approved by a margin of only one vote, after the election was held a new mass opposition protests that this time no one broke up.
5 Jan 2008 53.4 % of votes, was elected for a second term.
The Georgian-Ossetian conflict
The second presidential term of Mikheil Saakashvili began a five-day war in South Ossetia, when the bloodshed Georgian forces tried to establish control over heights of Tskhinvali. Intervened in the conflict Russia, which has entered the territory of the region peacekeeping troops.
As a result, South Ossetia and killed hundreds of military and civilians of the country, as well as the Russian peacekeepers. Two days later, Mikhail Saakashvili asked Russia for an armistice, and then announced the withdrawal of Georgia from the CIS (18 Aug 2009) and broke off diplomatic relations with Moscow unilaterally, which was done on 29 Aug 2008.
In February 2010, Russian President Medvedev during a press conference with President of Abkhazia Bagapsh said Saakashvili is persona non grata. However, the Russian leader expressed the hope that in the future the country will return “to normal, healthy relations with Georgia.”
In 2012 in Georgia, according to the results of the parliamentary elections Saakashvili’s party “National movement” has not received the required number of votes and ceded “Georgian dream”. After coming to power, the opposition resumed the investigation of the mysterious death of former Prime Minister Zurab Zhvania, which according to unofficial data, was involved in Saakashvili. After that, in order to avoid criminal prosecution the country EN masse began to leave Georgian government officials, presumably related to the high-profile murders of the past years, followed by Saakashvili himself.
At the end of October 2013, without waiting for the end of his presidency, flew to Brussels. In December got a job as a teacher in the American School of law and diplomacy name of Fletcher at tufts University, where he lectured on European statehood.
17 November 2013, Saakashvili replaced as President Giorgi Margvelashvili.
In August 2014, former head of the Georgian was declared in the domestic and international wanted list. The Georgian Prosecutor’s office seized the property and Bank accounts of the politician and members of his family, proving his guilt of abuse of power, embezzlement of budget funds and corruption fraud.
The Ukrainian question
Mikheil Saakashvili participated in the Euromaidan, performed with the support of the new course of Ukraine and accused Russia in a hostile takeover of Ukraine. Georgian politicians condemned Saakashvili’s interference in the Affairs of Ukraine.
In December 2014, Saakashvili refused the post of Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine. As Saakashvili said, he refused for the sake of Georgia. According to him, he’s not ready to give up the citizenship of their country for the sake of office. “My priority is my country – Georgia, the only reason I agreed to this proposal. I think I belong to my Georgia,” – said the former President.
In February 2015, Mikheil Saakashvili was invited to the Ukrainian Parliament, where he was appointed adviser to the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko and the President created the Advisory international Council of reforms. The Council is an Advisory body under the President of Ukraine and is intended to attract foreign experts to the reform of the Ukrainian legislation, to expand international support of Ukraine.
The appointment of Saakashvili caused a negative reaction of the representatives of the current government of Georgia.
On may 29, President Poroshenko signed a decree granting Ukrainian Saakashvili citizenship as “a person, whose adoption of the citizenship of Ukraine is of state interest”.
And already on may 30 Poroshenko appointed Miho Saakashvili, the head of Odessa state administration, dismissing from the post Igor Palitsa.
As Governor, the new head of the region has created a lot of information occasions, forcing the media to regularly remember him and illuminate his work. Just a few days, he initiated major changes in personnel office of the state administration, resulting in 24 out of 27 heads of regions were dismissed.
His role in the Governor’s office, Mikheil Saakashvili, has described the fight against corruption and crime, has promised to carefully monitor the expenditure of budget funds and the work of the Odessa customs, and to repair regional roads.
First, the scandals began in the late summer of 2015. At the beginning of September Mikheil sharply criticized the then incumbent Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, accusing it of a lack of the necessary reforms.
And in December of the same year at a meeting of the Council of reforms, there was a new scandal between Saakashvili and Minister of internal Affairs Arsen Avakov. During the verbal altercation, the Minister threw in the Governor of the Odessa region the glass of water. Thus Avakov supported Yatsenyuk, calling Saakashvili a “barnstormer” and demanding to get out of Ukraine.
Video hit the net and caused a lot of noise, becoming loud newsworthy for a few days. Mikheil Saakashvili then on his Facebook page said he regretted that he named Arseniy Yatsenyuk thief, but even more sorry that it’s true.
February 2016 was marked by scandal: the speaker of the administration of the Ukrainian President ATO Andrei Lysenko said that an investigation concerning the actions of the Saakashvili for violating military censorship. The head of the Odessa regional state administration was accused that he had issued the secret information about the military units.
In may 2016 the staff of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine and special forces of SBU in the investigation of misappropriation of money of the Fund “For the benefit of Odessa” held in Odessa administration searches. Mikheil Saakashvili broke down the door in the room where a search was conducted, explaining their actions by the fact that his employees were illegally locked up, not letting them lawyers.
In November 2016, Mikhail Saakashvili announced his voluntary resignation from the Governor’s office. On 9 November 2016, the President Petro Poroshenko granted the request and signed a decree on dismissal of the Chairman of the Odessa regional state administration Mikhail Saakashvili from office.
Also Poroshenko has dismissed Saakashvili from the post freelance Advisor of the President of Ukraine.
July 26, 2017 President Poroshenko terminated Ukrainian citizenship Saakashvili. The decision was made on the basis of paragraph 2 of article 19 of the Law “On citizenship”, namely the indication of false information in the questionnaire. The documents, which filled a former Chairman of the Odessa regional state administration, it was stated that he is not under investigation in Ukraine or abroad, but we know that
in Georgia, Saakashvili has been in absentia arrested.
After the resignation of the activities of the policy is not over: Mikhail Saakashvili is building a new party, called “Movement of New Forces” (Forces New movement). This opposition to the current government party, the purpose of which is to change the existing political elite and parliamentary elections.
Miho Saakashvili still attracts the attention associated with his personality scandals. On December 17 in Kiev, launched a March “For impeachment” organized by the party “movement new forces,” the ex-President of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili.
Georgian politician Mikheil Saakashvili continues to fight in Ukraine. Ridge regular scandals dominates Ukrainian society.
The leader of the party “movement novih forces,” Mikheil Saakashvili is married to a citizen of the Netherlands, and therefore can obtain a passport of the country in case of submitting the respective request, said the Minister of foreign Affairs of the Netherlands Have Zijlstra. According to him, he has the automatic right to Dutch citizenship because his family is from the Netherlands, but he will fight to be in Ukraine, while it is “physically possible.”
But the newspaper newspaper De Telegraaf reported that Saakashvili has already received a visa in the Dutch Embassy in Kiev, with reference to sources in the Ministry of security and justice of the Netherlands.
In addition to the policy, Mikheil Saakashvili enjoys mountain climbing, parachuting and skiing, and regularly takes part in Amateur football matches among political allies. In September 2013, when he was 45, he went up to Kazbegi in the Great Caucasus range.
By the way, the rise of Mikheil Saakashvili reaches almost two meters (195 cm).